About the Prostate
The prostate is derived from the Greek word- prostates, which literally means “one who stands before”, “protector”, “guardian”.
The prostate gland is a walnut-sized structure weighing 20 to 30 gram (about an ounce)
The prostate is made of muscle fibers that surround numerous smaller glands and ducts.
The prostate gland is positioned underneath the bladder and is wrapped around the urethra.
The main purpose of the prostate is to protect the sperm.
The prostate produces and stores fluid that nourishes the sperm to swim out of the penis
When the prostate gland is healthy, its location is generally not an issue. But it can become an issue when one of several things happen.
If the prostate grows larger than it should, it can press up into the bladder and cause urine to stay in the bladder after urination (called urinary retention), resulting in urinary tract infections and other problems.
If the prostate squeezes against the urethra, it can slow the flow of urine, causing a long delay before the urinary stream begins and other problems. If the prostate gets a stranglehold on the urethra, it can stop the flow of urine completely.
If the prostate cells become cancerous, the gland can serve as ground zero for cancer cells to travel to the bladder, spine, liver, brain, and elsewhere in the body.
Any of the above can occur in some form as a result of:
- Growth – known as Benign Prostate Hyperplasia or (BPH)
- Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)
- Cancer of the prostate (prostate cancer)
When a man reaches a certain age (generally 50+) or when there is a history of prostate problems or a current prostate concerns there are several test that Dr. Alarcon can perform to better understand the problem. These test may include:
- PSA Blood Test
- Prostate Exam which may include a DRE, Ultrasound, Biopsy and MRI
PSA stands for Prostate Specific Antigen, a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. Its job is to help keep the semen liquid so the sperm can swim freely. PSA usually hangs around the prostate gland and semen, but small amounts can also move into the bloodstream and be measured by a blood test. You can have an elevated PSA if your prostate becomes inflamed for any reason as a result of infection or BPH. Read More >
Prostate cancer is the development of a malignant growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled or abnormal cell division in the tissues of the prostate gland. An estimated 217,730 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2010, and an estimated 32,050 men will die of the disease. It is the second most common cancer among men in the United States, and it most often develops in men older than age 65. Read More >
A DRE is a simple procedure that Dr. Alarcon may use to aid in the early detection of prostate abnormalities, benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), prostatitis and/or prostate cancer. Dr. Alarcon may perform a DRE as part of a routine physical examination, as a follow-up for a PSA test, or if a man is experiencing prostate symptoms. Read More >
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as benign prostatic hypertrophy or enlarged prostate, is the noncancerous growth of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in the US, in fact most men over the age of 60 have the disorder. Read More >
Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate either as a result of bacterial infection or decreased immune or muscle related function. Prostatitis is an umbrella term that describes a group of disorders that have related symptoms. Read More >